EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATION (E.E.A.) was established in April, 2003 in Constanta, Romania as a non-governmental and non-profit entity, recognized by Constanta Court under the act no. 46/F/2003. The association represents a branch of Balkan Environmental Association (B.EN.A.), having as main objectives: to examine and appraise the currents problems of environmental protection; the environmental risk assessment regarding human activities; the environmental education and legislation; to plan and organize symposia and other activities on environmental issues, etc.
During 2004, the association's activity, having the financial support of Tomini Trading SRL, was focused in two directions:
1. The Program for research projects and scholarships;
2. The organizing of four Training Courses for Environmental Professions, in the National Institute for Marine Research and Development (NIMRD) "Grigore Antipa" Constanta and in the National Institute for Industrial Ecology - ECOIND Bucharest. The call for research projects and scholarships was submitted at the end of January, 2004 through the network of the National Bureau and the International Secretariat of B.EN.A. in Romania, newspapers, the web site of the Ministry of Education, Research and Youth - Division for Bilateral Cooperation and Relations with International Organizations for Research, etc. The call for research projects was developed in the following topics:
-Recycling of solid wastes;
-Environmental radioactivity impact;
-Methods and technologies for pollution control;
-Harmonization of environmental legislation in the frame of E.U. integration;
-Environmental education, etc.
Therefore, 83 projects proposals have been submitted, as follows:
-33 from universities;
-26 from national research institutes;
-7 from NGOs;
-7 from private companies;
-6 from research centers and stations;
-3 from Agencies of Environmental Protection;
-1 from Chamber of Industry and Commerce.
The call for the research scholarships is followed by the same topics for the two categories of candidates:
-Category I - Postgraduate students;
-Category II - Young scientists.
Therefore, 38 proposals have been submitted:
-21 candidates from universities;
-14 candidates research institutes;
-1 candidate from Romanian Senate;
-1 candidate from research stations;
-1 candidate from private company.
After the evaluation of all submitted proposals for research projects and scholarships, according to the existing criteria of the International Evaluation Committee (IEC), it was approved and financed 17 research projects and 10 scholarships. The payments for the research projects and scholarships are made as following:
-The first payment: 25% of the budget at the signing of the contract.
-The second payment: 35% of the budget will be paid after a satisfied progress report of the project has been received by IMC and its positive acceptance.
-The third payment: 40% of the budget after receiving the final report by IEC and its positive acceptance.
It was decided that the scientific results of these research projects and scholarships can be published, only with the approval of E.E.A. Board, in scientific journals or can be presented in Symposia, provided that should be all the time mentioned that: "This project has been selected and funded by the EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATION (E.E.A.), with the TOMINI TRADING SRL sponsorship funds". With this opportunity, we would like to express our gratitude to Tomini Trading SRL for its offer and to invite, one more time, the Romanian companies and not only, to follow this example, in order to achieve better environment in this region of Europe, on behalf of the coming generations, from whom we have borrowed the present environment.
Crearea Unei Reţele Pentru Dezvoltarea Unui Turism Durabil în Bulgaria, România, Ucraina, Moldova şi Georgia
ACRONIM: BS TOURISM NET
ŢĂRILE ÎN CARE SE IMPLEMENTEAZĂ PROIECTUL: Bulgaria, România, Ucraina, Georgia şi Republica Moldova
NUMELE ŞI ŢARA APLICANTULUI: Municipalitatea din Varna, Bulgaria
PRIORITATEA ŞI MĂSURA: Prioritatea 1: Sprijinirea parteneriatelor transfrontaliere în vederea dezvoltării economice şi sociale bazate pe utilizarea în comun a resurselor
Măsura 1.2: Crearea unor reţele de turism în vederea promovării iniţiativelor comune de dezvoltare a turismului şi a produselor tradiţionale
COSTUL TOTAL ELIGIBIL ESTIMAT AL PROIECTULUI COMUN: 610.192,00 EURO
DURATA TOTALĂ DE DESFĂŞURARE: 24 luni
OBIECTIVUL GLOBAL AL PROIECTULUI: Crearea şi gestionarea unei reţele turistice durabile cooperative şi autonome în regiunea Mării Negre, care să includă furnizori de date şi informaţii, factori de decizie, autorităţi şi operatori din turism.
Mai multe detalii despre proiectul în care AEM este partnener pe: http://www.blackseatourism.net/
LANSAREA PROIECTULUI ÎN MEDIA:
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Chemical and biological methods in cleaning of the wastewater's containing naturals and man-made radioisotopes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the project is decontamination of low radioactive solutions containing some naturals or man-made radioisotopes by: (1) bioaccumulation on free or immobilized cultures of microbes, yeast or vegetal organisms (study of the physical/chemical parameters and the optimizing of the process); (2) complexation of the radioactive ions with some heterocyclic ligands having multiple donors centers and/ or containing porphyrinic rings.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project activities were focus on the development of a model arrangement for two types of methods, potentially usefully in the cleaning of the radioactive wastewater: chemical and biological processes. With this purpose, we successfully decontaminate low radioactive solutions containing some naturals or man-made radioisotopes. These studies are preliminary, the final aim of our laboratory being to designs some technologies with potential application in the areas of uranium mining or with activities connected to the nuclear fuel cycle.
BENEFITS: The bioaccumulation is an ecologically accepted alternative to the classical chemical treatments currently applied. Consequently, we studied and selected a class of potential biosorbents/bioaccumulators with good results in decontamination of the radioactive waste waters. In some cases, new chemical processes were tested, too.
RESEARCH TEAM: Alexandru Cecal - project leader, PhD K. Popa, D. Humelnicu - PhD I.I. Craciun, M. Raileanu, R. Calmoi, A. Corduneanu, A. Balan, S. Chisca - Drd. R. Necula, T.L. Timofte - MSc
AFFILIATION: "Alexandru I.Cuza" University of Iasi Department of Inorganic Chemistry Blvd. Carol I, no. 11, 700506-Iasi, Romania Tel.: +40-232 -272478, 201316 Fax: +40-232-201313 E-mail: email@example.com
Assessment method of potentially pollution for iron and steel slags leaching test
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the project are: leaching test application for different types of slags and environmental assessment by leaching test for analyzed slags.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: In order to establish if some types of slags from different iron and steel sectors can be recovered as building materials for roads, it is necessary to assess their environmental impact, beginning with finding their toxic elements (heavy metals) content and theirs risk to be leached into soil and groundwater. This assessment is made with leaching test, which consists from extraction into a liquid medium of different hazardous elements from slags, based on theirs solubility in that medium. In the first step of this research project had been analyzed physical and chemical composition of the slags. In the second steps, the leaching test had been applied for two types of slags (basic oxygen furnace slags and electric arc furnace slags), obtaining in this way the quantitative information on the impact of these slags for soil, groundwater and life quality, in case their recovery as building materials for roads.
BENEFITS: The results of the project will give the possibility to be used for the recycling, as an environmental task that can lead to natural resources protection and soil prevention by minimising areas with slag deposit.
RESEARCH TEAM: Cristian Predescu - project leader - PhD, professor Ecaterina Matei - Drd Mirela Sohaciu - Drd Gheorghe Calea - Drd Andrei Predescu and Andra Stoica-students
AFFILIATION: Politehnica University of Bucharest ECOMET Centre Str. Splaiul Independentei, no. 313, Corp J, Sala JF002, Sector 6, 060032-Bucharest, Romania Tel.: +4021-4104721, 4029592, Fax: +4021-4104721 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Potential utilization on stranded macroalgae on the Romanian Black Sea coast in ecological agriculture
OBJECTIVES: The project is aimed to monitoring the macroalgae stocks along the Romanian coast; assessment of macroalgae nutritive qualities for ecological; identification of potential utilisation of stranded macroalgae in ecological agriculture.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Macroalgae are stranded in large quantities at the Romanian Black Sea shoreline by currents and storm waves, especially in May-September period. Marine algae are a valuable regenerative resource, with value in ecological agriculture use, for their chemical composition that plays a decisive role in seed germination, resistance to frost temperature, crop growth. Collecting macroalgae to agriculture fields fertilisation purposes it could be done with the same costs for stranded algae gathering from the shoreline but it gains esthetical end salubrious beaches end economic benefits.
BENEFITS: The results of the study will provide new information about macroalgae species list and biomass at the Romanian Black Sea shore; macroalgae nutritive qualities appreciation and data for potential utilisation of macroalgae as crop fertilizer.
RESEARCH TEAM: Alice Sburlea - project leader-Assistant researcher Daniela Mircea - Drd. Laurentiu Craciun - Technician
AFFILIATION: National Institute for Marine Research and Development "Grigore Antipa" Constanta Blvd. Mamaia no. 300, 900581-Constanta, Romania Tel.: +40241-543288, 540870 Fax: +40241-831274 E-mail: email@example.com
The study of Bugeac Lake in order to be assure the protection of waterfowl habitats
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the project consist of qualitative and quantitative monitoring of waterfowls population; the study of Bugeac lake regarding the quality of physico-chemical parameters from ecosystem; the achievement of ecological biodiversity analyses.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Bugeac Lake is situated in Constanta County, at a short distance from Danube River and represents a great importance especially, for aquatic avifauna, because of the presence of a very rare species. A special attention was given to identification of the species with conservation necessitates special protection of habitat, in accordance with the directive 79/409/CCE/1979. "In situ" meassurements were carried out, samples of water and organisms were analized in laboratory, with the goal of determinating ecosistem conditions and analizing ecological biodiversity.
BENEFITS: BENEFITS: The results of the study will be used by the Environmental Protection Agency of Constanta, Constanta County Council, different economical agents, in order to support the efforts and to assure the protection of the biodiversity of the Bugeac Lake.
RESEARCH TEAM: Lucica Tofan - project leader-PhD, biologist Marius Skolka - Conf. PhD Maria Teodora Onciu - Conf. PhD Mariana Arcus - Lector PhD Floarea Damaschin - PhD Liviu Galatchi - Lector Drd Gabriela Paraschiv - Assistant Drd. Gabriel Banica - Student
AFFILIATION: AFFILIATION: "Ovidius" University of Constanta Faculty of Natural Sciences Blvd. Mamaia no. 124, Constanta, Romania Tel.: +40241-614326 Fax: +40241-618372 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Studies regarding recycling of wastes resulted from beer production process and valorification in agriculture
OBJECTIVES: The project is aimed to study the possibilities of revaluation in agriculture of kieselguhr sludge and beer yeast resulting from beer filtration and the developing of some functional modules together with farmers in the area; to fertilize the viticulture plantations in bearing and the agricultural field culture with waste of kieselguhr sludge and beer yeast resulting from beer filtration; to environmentally protect the industrial area.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The study is an alternative to organic fertilization of the soils from Tarnava area (Transilvania). Through the revaluation in agriculture of kieselgur studge and beer yeast resulted from the filtration process of beer research project beer follows the realization to some interest goals for the wine-growing producers from zone. The final results outcome positive effects of those industrial wastes for the plants culture.
BENEFITS: The results will contribute to improvement of the water retention capability and of soil structure and porosity; increasing of natural nitrogen concentration and facilitation of phosphate desorption; improvement of progressive release of nutrients; improvement of the activity of micro-organisms and microfauna, facilitation of the uptake of silicic acid; improved stalk and stem strength; increased resistance to pests and diseases; increased yield in quality and quantity of the green fodder.
RESEARCH TEAM: Maria Iliescu - project leader-PhD, Engineer, Researcher I Moldovan Sergiu Dan - PhD, Engineer, Researcher I Kovacs Adorian - Engineer, Researcher II Farago Mariana - Biologist, Researcher II Stamate Cosmin - Engineer Burnete Cristina - Engineer
AFFILIATION: Viticulture and Enology Research and Development Centre Str. G. Baritiu no. 2, 515400 - Blaj, Alba County, Romania Tel.: +40258-711623, +40744-583321 Fax: +40258-710620 E-mail: email@example.com
Recycling of sulphate - type wastes resulted from organic processes
OBJECTIVES: The project goal is to enhance efficiency of the technology of 1 - and 2 - naphtalenesulphonyc acids condensation products with formaldehyde - used as superfluidizands for concrete and mortars - by working out a supplemental technology for the treatment of sulphate type wastes with organic oligomers content. By recycling of these wastes the danger of water and soil contamination is eliminated.
SHORT DESCRIPTION:The sulphate recovered from the filter screen is a recyclable waste. The waste consists of sodium sulphate decahydrate impurified with organics and results about 0,2 to / 1 to main product. The sodium sulphate is used in such fields of the industry as: paper, detergents, glass, pigments, synthetic fibres, cellulose - as decahydrate or in the anhydrous form. In order to turn it to account it must: 1.Eliminate the organic products content; 2.Dehydrate the resulting decahydrate. As most favourable conditions of the waste recycling process the following were found: waste / solvent ratio (by weight) 1; solvent for recrystallization methanol/water mixture with 15% methanol content; dissolving temperature 50°C; crystallization temperature 5°C.
BENEFITS: The results of the project propose the following remedies: the yield of the organics removal from the waste is 90%; the production costs of superfluidizant lowers with 5 - 6 %; the supplementary recycling process reduces the environmental impact of the additive technology by eliminating of pollutants at source which means that: the accumulation of wastes a potential danger for the environment (soil and water) is avoided, together with storage and elimination costs; the effluents of the waste treatment process are almost completely recycled or turned to account, so the waste water quantities with organic and inorganic content are significantly reduced.
RESEARCH TEAM: Rozsika Lili Szabo - project leader-Researcher I Mirela Vasilescu - Engineer Calin Bolos - Engineer
AFFILIATION: Research Institute for Auxiliary Organic Products Medias Str. Carpati, no. 8, Sibiu, Romania Tel.: +40269-843601 Fax: +40269-831377 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ecosolvents, paint - strippers for coatings
OBJECTIVES:The main objective of the project is to develop new polyfunctional materials, which eliminate the classical solvents, that also have fixed properties for specific uses in the removal of coatings (such as paint, varnish, polymers, synthetic resins) from different substrates (wood, metal, glass).
SHORT DESCRIPTION: These new materials, will lead the path to new methods and technologies of ecosystems protection, provide an effective paint-stripper compositions that can be readily formulated, with solvating capacity, provide paint-stripping compositions which are mixture of active components (polar solvents and natural oils) and additives (accelerators, surfactants, thickeners), by selecting the solvating capabilities of the respective components, to obtain the most desired ecosolvent, biodegradable, non-toxic, as an alternative to classic solvents, effective for stripping of paint and organic coatings.
BENEFITS: The results of the study will provide relevant indicators regarding: biodegradable, safe for the user; easy to apply, remove and clean up; no methylene chloride or caustics; thick gel that clings to vertical surfaces; strips multiple layers of paint at time.
RESEARCH TEAM: Maria Miklos - project leader-Researcher III Francu Iulia - Researcher III Capalnean Lioara - Researcher Stan Mihaela - Researcher III
AFFILIATION: Research Institute for Auxiliary Organic Products Medias Str. Carpati no. 8, Sibiu, Romania Tel.: +40269-843601 Fax: +40269-831377 E-mail: email@example.com
Screening of anthropogenic pollution over Bucharest city by using magnetic proxies
OBJECTIVES: The project has the following objectives: to calibrate magnetic measurements of soil samples against control samples of soils with known content of heavy metals and to assess the applicability of the environmental magnetic methods to delineate polluted areas in Bucharest.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: SHORT DESCRIPTION: Magnetic properties and heavy metals values were measured for topsoils samples collected from different areas, inside and outside, of Bucharest. Our data show that there is a significant tendency to have high values of heavy metals associated with high mean values of magnetic susceptibility. These results prove that there are two main sources both for magnetic minerals and heavy metals: a) pollution produced by the traffic; b) factories from the outskirts of Bucharest which produced intense pollution of the nearby forests. We defined magnetic guide values to identify polluted soils in parks and forests.
BENEFITS: This study proved that magnetic properties of topsoils can be used as a fast and cost-effective proxy method for screening and monitoring anthropogenic pollution in Bucharest city. Application of this method as a routine procedure will enable a better targeting for further detailed measurements using standard, but time consuming and costly, geochemical methods.
RESEARCH TEAM: Cristian Panaiotu - Project Leader-PhD, Lector Cristina Panaiotu - Phd, Lector Cristian Necula - Drd Relu Roban - Drd Aneta Nedelcu - MSc
AFFILIATION: University of Bucharest Laboratory of Paleomagnetism Blvd. Balcescu no.1, 010041 - Bucharest, Romania Tel.: +4021-3120419 Fax: +4021-3131760 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The recycling methods of solid rubber scrap
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the project is the recovery and the recycling process of the used tires along with all types of rubber trimmings.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: SHORT DESCRIPTION: For the recycling of the rubber trimmings eliminates the pollution element it was used the methods of recycling by thermal, mechanical, cryogenical procedures, rubber conversion by microwaves. Combining the above mentioned procedures it was proposed a complex technological line, more efficient and with special environmental effects.
BENEFITS: The elaborated technology it will be promoted in Romania and abroad. The potential beneficiaries of the results can be used by the County Councils and the rubber's producers.
RESEARCH TEAM: Ana Scarlat - project leader-Engineer
AFFILIATION: S.C. ZECASIN S.A. Bucharest Blvd. Splaiul Independentei, no. 202, Bucharest, Romania Tel.: +4021-2249353 Fax: +4021-3125241 E-mail: email@example.com
Catalytic removal of potential toxic compounds in fuel oils from the pyrolysis of polymer waste
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the project: to obtain liquid hydrocarbon mixtures (oils) by pyrolysis of complex polymer mixtures similar to municipal plastic waste, and to test some Fe- and Ca- based catalysts in removal of heteroatom- containing compounds from polymer pyrolysis oil.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: SHORT DESCRIPTION: The degradation of a complex polymer mixture containing polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer having brominated flame retardant and synergist antimonium oxide (ABS-Br) and polyvinylchlorine (PVC) in the 3/3/2/1/1 ratio was performed at 450°C without and with iron- and calcium- based composites. Iron oxy-hydroxide and iron-carbon composite were found to be effective in removing with more than 90 wt% the organic bromine from degradation oils while calcium- carbon composite and calcium carbonate give best results in chlorine removal. The majority of liquid products consist of aromatic derivatives that can be used as fuel oil or feedstock in petroleum refinery.
BENEFITS: Polymers from municipal plastic waste can be pyrolysed simultaneously to produce high value liquid hydrocarbons without any preliminary separation on polymer types; Heteroatoms such as Cl from PVC, N from ABS and Br from brominated flame retardants (largely used in plastics for electric and electronic appliances) can be removed from pyrolysis oil by catalytic treatment; Catalytic pyrolysis of mixed polymers allows saving of resources by recovery of energy and materials from polymer waste and can avoid pollution by undesired chemicals in recovered oils.
RESEARCH TEAM: Mihai Brebu - project leader-PhD Hristea Darie - Chemist Raluca Darie - Researcher Assistant Bogdan Munteanu - Drd
AFFILIATION: Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry "Petru Poni" Iasi Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda, no. 41A, Iasi, Romania Tel.: +40232-217454 Fax: +40232-211299 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The environmental study of radioactivity around CNE Cernavoda
OBJECTIVES: The main proposed objectives: to establish the radioactivity levels on the basis measurements of environmental samples; to determine the concentrations of natural and artificial radionuclides from environmental factors; to detect quickly any increases which radiological significance of radioactivity levels; to estimate the effective dose of supplementary exposure for people due to radiological practice or accidents; to supply field data in radiological emergencies situations.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project studied the influence of NPP Cernavoda (located in Constanta County) regarding radioactivity levels of environment factors. The project comes to meet the strategies and aims of the European development politics in direction to expel the risk of radioactive contamination by developing the activity of environmental radiation survey in the influence zone of NPP Cernavoda.To achieve this project, the radioactivity laboratories developed an ample program of collecting, preparing and analysing gross beta and gamma spectrometric and of all kinds of environmental samples from neighbourhood of the nuclear objective. In collaboration with CNCAN, it was determined the tritium concentrations in the environmental samples.
BENEFITS: The results of the study will provide relevant information's (especially to take efficient decisions during radiological emergency situations) to the local and neighbourhood populations and authorities: Municipality of Cernavoda, Civil Protection County Inspectorate, Environmental Protection Agency of Constanta, Ministry of Environmental and Water Management.
RESEARCH TEAM: Claudia Puscasu - project leader-Physicist Maria Tintea - Chemist engineer Georgiana Petre - Physicist Violeta Sidorencu, Maria Cristea, Ecaterina Bascau, Paula Tanase, Mariana Stan, Elena Dumitru - Reviewers Marin Zamfir- Sampling collector
AFFILIATION: Environmental Protection Agency - Constanta Radioactivity Laboratory Str. Unirii no. 23, Constanta, Romania Tel.: +40241-546596 Fax: +40241-546696 E-mail: email@example.com
Elaboration and implementation of control mechanism for gas pollution evolution in road vehicles emission
OBJECTIVES: The project has the following objectives: gas pollutant masses dependencies appointment relative to reliability level of road vehicle parts which has an influence on pollution (i.e. injection equipment parts); dependence formula showed in distance covered until first failure, for preventive maintenance norms elaboration.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Organisation and developing of the research reflected: database preparation as a reflection of road vehicle failure repartition which has an influence on pollutant emission evolution; elaboration of a mathematics pattern for correlation reliability- pollution function; pollutant measurement, in respect with mathematics pattern based on failure repartition; re-evaluate research results for a measurement set asset. Owing to specific condition of Romanian road park, distinguished from changing of road vehicle generation, this paper should continue with "Development of gas pollutant evolution concept" as a application to urban road transport.
BENEFITS: Replacing used parts and reloaded restoration of adjustments which has an influence exhaust emission without expensive measurements of pollutant masses.
RESEARCH TEAM: Costel Bejan - Project Leader-PhD, Engineer Aurora Luca, Engineer Andrei Gal, Engineer Dorin Ionescu, PhD Mariana Lihtetchi, Physicist
AFFILIATION: Road Vehicles Institute - SC INAR SA Brasov, Str. Poienelor, no.1-5, 500149-Brasov, Romania Tel.: +40268-317804 Fax: +40268-312121 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Research regarding the recycling of the steel plant dust in siderurgic industry
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the project is re-introduction of steel plant dust, with other pulverous ferrous wastes in the siderurgical circuit.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: As a consequence of intense use gas oxygen in steel processing results a noticeable quantity of dust, which requires an advanced, de-dusting of gases. The steel plant dust is rich in iron oxides (a medium of 53%) thus justifying its re-introduction in the economical circuit, consequently requiring the processing in the form of agglomerate, briquettes and pellets. Considering the large steel plant dust deposits and the currently resulting quantities in the area of Hunedoara, we have experimented the possibility of processing through palletizing (with other pulverous wastes) for further valorisation in electrical steel plants. The dust behaved well in the palletizing process, the obtained pellets having a sufficient resistance to be used in electrical arc furnaces. Both hardening palletizing process through burning and at cold have been experimented, and according to the quality of the obtained pellets the optimal palletizing technology has been chosen.
BENEFITS: BENEFITS: The processing becomes profitable from ecological point of view it we take in account expenses for environment ecology. In a metallurgical company, operationally closed, the expenses for ecology reach the average value of 50 000€/ha. The dust taken in account in order to be processed fills an area of approx. 5 ha.
RESEARCH TEAM: Teodor Heput - Project Leader -PhD, Engineer Socalici Ana - PhD, Engineer Ardelean Erika - PhD, Engineer; Ardelean Marius - Engineer Puţan Vasile - PhD, Engineer Găvănescu Adrian - Engineer Kiss Imre - Engineer
AFFILIATION: Politehnica University of Timisoara Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara Str. Revolutiei no.5, 331122-Hunedoara, Romania Tel.: +40254-207530, Fax: +40254-207502 E-mail: email@example.com
Monitors - integrated system for automated monitoring of sound level in Iasi city. Study and solutions for phonic pollution lowering
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the project is the growth number of Iasi citizens informed about the increasing environmental sound level and the achievement of a partnership between local authorities, governmental structures, mass-media, NGOs, dedicated to the environmental protection (i.e. against phonic pollution).
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The research will follow a number of steps used the "control measuring method", for comparing noise sources with similar characteristics. Equivalent Noise Level, Indexed Noise Level, Traffic Noise Index, and Troubling Index, all were computed. Measurements were made in collaboration with the Iasi Public Health Institute and Iasi Direction of Public Health. Our measurements revealed that road and tram transport affect about 75% of Iasi population, exposed to a noise level between 70 and 92 dB (bigger than normal) in districts like Păcurari, Gara, Centre, Dacia, Alexandru, Nicolina-CUG, Podu Roş, Tătăraşi (partially), and Socola-Nicolina. So, it is necessary to accomplish measures for acoustic protection, such as: administrative-legal measures; active and passive measures.
BENEFITS: We presented final conclusions to the institutions dealing with environment protection, to the Municipality and Prefecture of Iasi and mass-media. As to the dissemination of results, two meetings took place, where different notices from Iasi citizen according to acoustical comfort have been correlated with our study and proposed measures. Municipality of Iasi decided to take measures for acoustic protection, i.e. to plant tall trees and to remake street surface in that areas. Moreover, a radio emission was created by Iasi Radio, where our results and proposals were announced.
RESEARCH TEAM: Hariton Nicolae Costin - project leader-- PhD, engineer Vasile Iorga - Researcher, PhD, MD Gheorghe Veres - Prof., PhD, engineer
AFFILIATION: Academic Foundation "Idei si Fapte pentru 2000" Str.Dimitrie Mangeron, no. 71A, Corp CH, Parter, Cam.67 700050-Iasi, Romania Tel/Fax.: +4 0232 -237118 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
Assessment of sedimentation rates in reservoirs using 137Cs as tracer
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this project is the proposal of a methodology based on nuclear techniques for the quantitative assessment of sedimentation rates in reservoirs in Romania.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: In the investigated area Berheci watershed (Moldavian Tableland) there are two reservoirs: Antohesti and Gaiceana, both having several hundred hectares of water and partially aggraded. The accumulated sediments on the bottom of the surface water, especially in inner river reservoirs, affect the water quality, the bio-activity, loose of storing capacity and reduce the tourist potential of the area. The existing radioactive isotopes in environment have the great advantage that they could be used as radioactive tracers, without the necessity to contaminate the landscape.
BENEFITS: By upgrading and validating of the methodology, a very valuable tool is obtained, which will permit similar measurements in other areas for sedimentation rates assessment and their time evolution prediction.
RESEARCH TEAM: Romulus Mircea Margineanu - project leaderPhD Researcher II Dorina Gheorghiu - Researcher Nicolae Mocanu - Researcher II Carmen Ileana Olteanu - Assistant researcher
AFFILIATION: "Horia Hulubei" National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering IFIN–HH DVFM Str. Atomistilor no. 407, 077125-Magurele, Ilfov County, Romania Tel.: +4021-4042358, Fax: +4021-4231701 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Development of a guide for the management of the protected caves and the protocol for the tourists caves in Romania
OBJECTIVES: The study focussed on the investigations regarding: temperature and humidity registration in the caves; study of the dynamics of underground fauna in relation with touristic exploit; study of the pathologic micro-organisms in the cave atmosphere; elaboration of guidance lines for cave monitoring plans.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Caves represent 13% of the total of protected areas in Romania. Their physico-chemical features are relatively constant during the seasons. Therefore, any anthropic impact on long term can affect irremediably and with disastrous effects their natural equilibrium. Our study focused on realizing a protocol of studying and monitoring the Romanian protected caves, the scientific support to real protection of caves. We have chosen two show caves of Western Carpathians: Ungurului and Ursilor. In such caves the climate is strongly impacted and we have monitored continuously the temperature and seasonally the relative humidity of the air. Correlating the physical parameters with the tourist's afflux has been done by installing counters for the number of tourists in Ursilor Cave.
BENEFITS: The obtained results allowed us to define a protocol for the impact studies in caves, especially for the show cave. This model will be followed for future impact studies and for future investments in any cave of Romania.
RESEARCH TEAM: Oana Teodora Moldovan - Project Leader -Researcher II Daniela Borda - PhD, Researcher Sanda Iepure - Drd, Researcher Assistant Mirela Cimpean - Drd, Researcher Assistant Aurel Perşoiu - Researcher Assistant
AFFILIATION: Romanian Academy - Cluj Napoca Branch Institute of Speology "Emil Racovita" Str.Clinicilor no.5, P.O. BOX 58, 300006-Cluj Napoca, Romania Tel/Fax: +40264-595954 E-mail: email@example.com
Monitoring of radioactive level in order to avoid the environmental risks from Iasi - Vaslui area
OBJECTIVES: Identification and listing of the radioactive sources in order to avoid the risks in a territorial area between Iasi and Vaslui; Local monitoring of the radioactive level for the main environmental factors: water, air, soil, and vegetation.
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The territorial area between Iasi and Vaslui has as main radioactive pollution sources some industrial objectives as coal thermal plants and some radioactive sources from hospitals, laboratories, etc. Also, the air and water coming from the transboundary zone (Ukraine, Republic of Moldavia) were other investigated sources from the point of view of radioactivity. The monitoring of the radioactivity level represents one of the most important actions that have to be taken into consideration in order to maintain the quality of environmental factors at normal living standards.
BENEFITS: Drawing a map of radioactive sources from Iasi - Vaslui area. Obtaining a database with useful information concerning the evaluation of irradiation risk and effects estimation on the different environmental factors for the sources with higher radioactive risk; better understanding of the behavior of radionuclide into the environment, in order to have a good management of radioactive waste.
RESEARCH TEAM: Igor Cretescu - project leader -Ph.D., Chemical Engineer Diana Furcoi - Engineer, MSc Lidia Pahomi - Engineer Constantin Crecea - Physician
AFFILIATION: "Gheorghe Asachi" University of Iasi Faculty of Industrial Chemistry Blvd.Dimitrie Mangeron no.71A, 70050 - Iasi, Romania Tel.: +40232 -278683/ext.2226 Fax: +40232-271311 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Heavy metal rivers basin pollution in the Apuseni Mountains
NAME: Mihaela Serban
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project focused on an integrated environmental assessment, taking into account the impact of mining activities in Apuseni Mountains (the highest sector of Western Carpathians), as well as, their impacts on the rivers system. In the three catchments: Crisul Alb, Aries and Certej were investigated the magnitude and spatial extent of heavy metal contamination (Pb, Zn, Cu and Cd). Presently, in the Apuseni Mountains activated 7 mines belonging to Minvest Deva Co. and administrating 73 waste dumps of 243 ha, 48 tailing dams of which 18 under conservation and 5 held in reserve, covering an area more than 1000 ha. The waste dumps and tailing dam have a direct impact on the river system, groundwater, soils, vegetation and fauna.
AFFILIATION: Institute of Geography of Romanian Academy Str. Dimitrie Racovita no.12, Sector 2, Bucharest, Romania Tel.: +4021-3135990, Fax: +4021-3111242 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Studies on the waste environmental legislation in the European Union countries, the common legal framework and the progress made by Romania for the implementation of the communitarian acquis for wastes
NAME: Virgil Petre Bratanescu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project aims are the analysis of some aspects regarding the environmental legislation of the wastes: the examination of EU and Romanian wastes legislation, emphasizing the common elements and the differences concerning legislative approximation. Developing of the working system for all interested factors involving representatives of central authorities in fields of: industry, agriculture, transportation, health and finance; municipalities, wastes producers, NGOs, etc.
AFFILIATION: Romanian Senate 1 Revolution Square, Sector 1, 70111-Bucharest, Romania Tel/Fax.: +4021-3150200 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Laboratory experiments to establish the Best Available Techniques for treatment of oily wastewater's and for characterisation of resulted sludge, in iron and steel industry
NAME: Ecaterina Matei
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project is developed in two stages regarding the experiments in order to choose the best available technique (BAT) for reducing of pollutants from oily wastewaters and the laboratory investigations for characterization of sludge resulted from oily wastewater treatment. The obtained results will be statistical processed for identifying the most efficient technique.
AFFILIATION: Institute of Metallurgical Research Department of Environmental Protection Str. Mehadia, no. 39, Sector 6, 060543-Bucharest, Romania Tel.: +4021-2209479 Fax: +4021-2204295 E-mail: email@example.com
Comparative study of solid waste recycling legislation in Romania and European Union
NAME: Cristina Batranu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: Integration of Romania into European Union structures requires the accomplishment of several reforms according to environmental legislation. The project has the aim to underline the existing Romanian legislation regarding solid waste recycling and to compare it with EU legislation. In consequence, the results showed that Romania has made visible progress, but also registered some "applying deficiencies" of the regulation imposed by EU.
AFFILIATION: "Ovidius" University of Constanta Faculty of Low Aleea Universitatii no.1, Constanta, Romania Tel: +40241-511000, 694330 Fax:+40241-511512 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
A method to remove the nitrogen oxides from the combustion gases of deposits coals
NAME: Violeta Carolina Niculescu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project is based on the determination of pollution degree in the vicinity of institute's location, in a high industrialized area (Oltchim SA, SC CET Govora, SC Uzinele de Soda Govora). The main objectives followed the determination of gases composition resulted from the combustion processes of various fuels and the testing regarding noxes removal (CO, NOx, SOx and solid particles in suspension - ash), as well as, the realization of a monitoring strategy of the environmental pollution in the area.
AFFILIATION: National Institute for Research and Development for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies (NIRDCIT) Str. Uzinei no. 4, Ramnicu Valcea, Romania Tel: +40250-733890 Fax: +40250-732746 e-mail: email@example.com
The implementation of the Directive's costs regarding controlled storage of the wastes
NAME: Sterica Serban
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project is developed in the directions of the costs generated by the implementation of the Directive regarding controlled storage of wastes, taking into account: the national legislation according with the Directive no. 99/31/EC; the necessary investments for the urban wastes storage; the cost indicators for the urban wastes; the administrative costs of HG no. 162/2002 regarding storage wastes.
AFFILIATION: SC Euroshiping Constanta Port Tel: +4041-603292 Fax: +40241-603292 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Use of recycled rubber from waste tires in polymer composites with various applications
NAME: Iulia Francu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The main objective of this project is to transform the recycled rubber from waste tires into non-pollution and usable products. The major advantages for utilizing crumb rubber in the manufacture of these products are: environmentally product as a consequence of recycling and waste minimisation; eliminating serious flooding problems caused by heavy rain; creating clean areas; reducing the cost and adding the new and improved functionality of the final products.
AFFILIATION: Research Institute of Auxiliary Organic Products Str. Carpaţi no. 8, Mediaş, Sibiu County, Romania Tel: +40269-843601 Fax: +40269-831377 E-mail: email@example.com
The ecological reconstruction of the surface mining affected terrains (sterile dumps) from the Mehedinti Mining Exploitation, Husnicioara quarry
NAME: Ana-Maria Mocanu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: In order to achieve the ecological reconstruction of the surface mining affected from the sterile dumps of Husnicioara quarry (Oltenia region), it was performed the investigations knowing the pedo-agrochemical features of the sterile dumps. The ecological reconstruction of the affected area need complex measures, taking into account some possibilities of soil fertility enhancing by: organically and chemical fertilisers, amendments, soil improving crops.
AFFILIATION: University of Craiova Faculty of Horticulture Blvd. A.lexandru I. Cuza no. 13, Craiova, Dolj County, Romania Tel.: +40251-532681 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Valorification of lignocellulosics resulted as by products in the pulp and paper industry
NAME: Raluca Petronela Dumitriu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: This project presented some pollution problems generated by the lignocellulosic waste and offers several ways for their valorisation by chemical modification of lignin and by preparing some blends between the modified lignin's and cellulose or hydroxypropyl cellulose. Lignin and cellulose are the most important components of the biomass, both biodegradable and valuable natural resources.
AFFILIATION: Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry "Petru Poni" Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda, no. 41A, 700487-Iaşi, Romania Tel.: +40232-217454 Fax: +40232-211 299 E-mail: email@example.com
Method to determine house heating systems impact on air quality in urban areas
NAME: Francisc Popescu
SHORT DESCRIPTION: The project aims to investigate the environmental impact of individual house heating systems in Timisoara (a district of 7,3 km2). Moreover, some steps were followed: gathering data investigating each house (boiler type, fuel consumption, type of fuel, thermal power, etc.) calculating emission factors and pollutant dispersion; in-situ emission measurements for few representative boiler types; to correlate the final results, in order to establish the impact of the house heating systems on air quality.
AFFILIATION: University "Politechnica" of Timisoara Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Blvd. Mihai Viteazu no.1, 300222-Timisoara, Romania Tel: +40256-403670 Fax: +40256-403669 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In 26-28 June, 2003 was organized the International Symposium, on "Coastal Erosion: Problems and Solutions", in Mangalia/Romania.
In 26-28 February, 2004 it was organized in the Romanian Senate the International Symposium, entitled: "Environmental Legislation and Education for a better quality of life in Balkan area", in Bucharest/ Romania.
Between 23-25 September, 2004 was organized the International Symposium, entitled: "The Renewable Energies and the Sustainable Development", in Tulcea/Romania.